Horticulture is the cultivation of ornamental plants, fruit trees as well as vegetable and vegetable crops. The horticultural sector is one of the agricultural sectors that employs the most hired labour.
Horticulture in France represents 1.4% of the total number of farms. 3,308 farms operate over 16,150 hectares, with a turnover of 1.2 billion euros.
A transition to biological cultivation processes requires the adoption of a specific production method. The desire to protect natural balances, such as the quality of soil, air and water requires doing without harmful phytosanitary products, using seeds from the mother plant, and banning GMOs, and to cultivate on plots already converted to organic farming.
Let’s take a leaf out of the book!
The “normal” seeds usually sold are sometimes coated, that is to say covered with a coloured fungicidal substance which protects them from diseases during cultivation, but their use is not without impact on the ecosystem.
Organic seeds, on the other hand, although more expensive to buy, are untreated and therefore uncoated. They are produced without the addition of pesticides or chemical fertilizers. They often come from old varieties, easily reproducible unlike the seeds of hybrid varieties.
How important is it to adopt biological processes in horticulture?
In market gardening and vegetable growing, the benefits of such practices are obvious. The vegetables and fruits thus harvested are free from pesticide residues and are more tasty and the soils are uninfected.
In floral production, is it essential to cultivate organically? Flowers in principle cannot be eaten. Choosing organic means accepting a lower yield for a greater workload. Sometimes the appearance of the flower or plant can be imperfect and not satisfy the buyer. The purchase of a floral production is often a crush and the buyer does not question the method of cultivation.
The installation of this cultivation method is less advanced in France than abroad, as in Germany and Austria where it is already well established. Perhaps because health concerns are a priority and we are not yet fully aware that what is deposited on plants also affects the earth, the air and the animals that live there.
Meeting with Dr. Jonquille & Mr. Ail, this company from Toulouse (South of France) which offers organic vegetable seeds.
Hugo, Gaël, Daniel and Théo launched the idea in 2019 of organic seed production, anf after having largely fulfilled their objectives on the Ulule crowdfunding platform, definitively launched the Dr. Jonquille & Mr. Ail adventure. They want to give the taste of gardening to neophytes, mainly urban, with a garden or a balcony.
Why only seeds, when it would be easier for gardening enthusiasts to obtain plants and then monitor their growth and production? … because to plant a seed is to join in the mystery of its transformation into a seedling first and with careful care, to see it develop before you can reap the fruits of your patience.
All the seeds offered, aromatic, floral or vegetable, are certified organic and reproducible. They are contained in non-plastic bags which can be personalized.
Eco-designed gardening kits, made of organic cotton, intended for learning this activity contain different seeds, biodegradable pots, wooden sticks and an explanatory booklet.
Different types of kits are available depending on the interest in vegetables, flowers, permaculture and because gardening is not just for adults, a kit for children is also available: “my first seedlings”.